Stems Cells; All You Need to Know about Them
The medical field has experienced numerous advancements over the years. The numerous advancements are due to the technologies that have been invented. Stem cell therapy has been deemed to have great promise in treating various diseases medical conditions due to the numerous advancements made in the medical field. Stem cells have numerous differences from the regular cells. If you want to understand stem cells more, you need to research more about stem cells. The main categories of stem cells are two. Stem cells are mainly categorized into adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. The name used to refer to stem cells derived from living human beings is adult stem cells. The name used to refer to stem cells derived from human embryos is embryonic stem cells.
Even though adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body, they are still as versatile as embryonic stem cells. Stem cells were first used for the umbilical cord, and bone mallow transplantation. However, some scientists believed that adult stem cells are inferior to embryonic stem cells because adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body. Scientists hope they can make adult stem cells capable of becoming any cell type in the human body by reprogramming adult stem cells. The other name for reprogrammed adult stem cells is induced pluripotent stem cells.
Like embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells can become all the stem cells found in the human body. Even though adult stem cells cannot divide to create every type of cell found in the human body, they are easy to harvest, available in plenty, and have a low risk of immune system injection in patients. The embryo is mainly made up of only stem cells within the first four to five days after fertilization. The stem cells in embryos are responsible for developing into any type of cell in the human body. Five or six days after fertilization, the stem cells forming the embryo cease to be pluripotent.
Amniotic fluid and tissue, umbilical cord blood and tissue, and placental blood and tissue are the most common sources of perinatal stem cells. Adult stem cells are mainly harvested in three ways; bone marrow extraction, blood draw, and tissue fat extraction, also referred to as liposuction. A woman’s womb is not used as a growing and multiplication environment of embryo cells; instead, embryo cells are multiplied in a laboratory If you want to be a donor for stem cells, you should be prepared to feel fatigued and sore for a few weeks because about ten percent of a donor’s bone marrow is extracted. So that the procedure of extracting stem cells from the bone marrow can be painless the donor sedated.
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